The Forms of Tang Soo Do (Soo Bahk Do)

The following list includes all the traditional Tang Soo Do forms as well as forms that were later introduced by Grandmaster Hwang Kee.

Form (Hyung) Name {Movements}

Form Characteristics

Kee Cho Hyung Il Boo {20}
Kee Cho Hyung Ee Boo {20}
Kee Cho Hyung Sam Boo

Basic movements
Kee Cho Hyung

The Kee Cho Hyung is structured so that beginners can practice basic techniques as a coherent linked exercise. Each of the Kee Cho Hyung has 20 movements

Pyung Ahn Cho Dan {22}
Pyung Ahn Ee Dan {29}
Pyung Ahn Sam Dan {27}
Pyung Ahn Sa Dan {27}
Pyung Ahn O Dan {28}
Turtle - To impart balance and comfort
Pyung Ahn Hyung

The Pyung Ahn Hyung was originally called Je Nam Hyung. It Was devised approximately 130 years ago by separating Je Nam Hyung into 5 components. Pyung Ahn symbolises the turtle.

Bassai (Ba Sa Hee) {52} Cobra - Light, fast
Ba Sa Hee Hyung

Ba Sa Hee Hyung was devised approximately 450 years ago. It is based on the art of boxing and has undergone many changes while evolving into its present form. It was practiced by the Buddhist monks at the So Lim Sa temple situated in the Ha Nam region of China, and consists of carefully selected moves from the So Lim Sa techniques, which are executed with the effective use of force and speed. The name of the originator is not known. Ba Sa Hee Hyung symbolises the cobra.

Nai Han Ji Cho Dan {27}
Nai Han Ji Ee Dan {30}
Nai Han Ji Sam Dan {40}
Horse (horse riding stance) - Heavy, strong
Nai Han Ji Hyung

The Naihanji Hyung was devised 950 years ago, during the era of the Song Dynasty, by the founder of the Kang Woo Ryu school of martial arts. It is characterised by a horse riding posture in all movements, with both feet placed toe-in. Naihanji Hyung symbolises the horse.

Jin Do {44} Crane (One leg stance) - Active, light
Jin Do Hyung

Jin Do Hyung was originally known as Jin Dwe and was developed in the Ha Nam region of China about 300 years ago. The originator is unknown. It belongs to the So Lim school of martial arts, and consists of many technically demanding and rapid movements. Jin Do Hyung symbolizes the Crane.

Lo Hai {33} Crane (One leg stance) - Poise, grace
Kong Sang Koon {66} Eagle - Active

This Hyung was devised by Ggung and Ssang Gween who lived in the Ha Nam region of China, and contains many fascinating, varied and effective movements. The movements portray the repelling of enemies attacking from four directions. It is regarded by many as the Hyung of all Hyungs. Kong San Goon Hyung Symbolises the Eagle.

Sip Soo {27} Bear - Powerful, slow
Sip Soo Hyung

Also known as Jit Dae, this Hyung originates from the Ha Book region of China. The originator is unknown. It is characterised by having only a small number of moves, practiced in a slow dignified manner with concentrated power. Ship Soo Hyung is particularly suitable for people with a large physique, or holders of the 4th or 5th Dan. Ship Soo Hyung symbolises the Bear.

Sei Shan {45} Preying Mantis - Semicircular steps
Wang Shu {39} Bird - Speed control
Ji-On {50} Mountain Goat (some say the Ram) - Hard and soft
O-Sip Sa Bo {77} Tiger
Hwa Sun {98} Pure Flower
Yuk Ro Cho Dan (Du Moon) {45}
Yuk Ro Ee Dan (Joong Jol) {44}
Yuk Ro Sam Dan (Po Wol) {41}
Yuk Ro Sa Dan (Yang Pyun)
Yuk Ro O Dan (Sahl Chu)
Yuk Ro Yuk Dan (Choong Ro)
Top or Great Gate (Entering the Gate)
Cutting the middle
Embrace the Moon
High Whip
Killing Scale
Jumping, Capturing
Chil Sung Il Ro {38}
Chil Sung Ee Ro {29}
Chil Sung Sam Ro {56}
Chil Sung Sa Ro
Chil Sung O Ro
Chil Sung Yuk Ro
Chil Sung Chil Ro
Seven Stars
Chil Sung Hyung

The Chil Sung (seven stars of the plough) Hyung was devised by Grand Master Hwang Kee in the latter half of the 1980's. It is so-called because Grand Master Hwang Kee's mother was said to have dreamt about the seven stars of the plough prior to conceiving Hwang Kee. It contains a large number of moves, many of which are found only within this Hyung. Chil Sung Hyung symbolises the stars.


Return to History Page